This is the hardware and source code for an Atmel ATmega8 / MX-614 based UI only TNC. The intent was to provide inexpensive basic TNC functionality for APRS related packet activities. We also have the flexibility to modify the operations of the TNC by modifying the source code to add features or modify existing functions. The design can operate as a standalone tracker, connected to a PC, or with other hardware that needs access to the APRS network, but does not have the resources to directly handle ax25 data (wx stations). It's seemed like overkill to use an expensive name brand TNC for the minimal ax25 implementation necessary for APRS.
This is expanded version of the 90s2313 based UI-TNC that can be found elsewhere on my site. I needed a design for a very specific application that has not yet been realized. As such, there are many odd features and optional functions in this design that most people just do not need. You can ignore them, or delete the code and use the free space to implement some more useful feature. If you do, please let me know about it.
FWIW, the Atmega8 is a great chip. Lots of hardware resources, generous codespace and an unusually large dataspace, 1K of RAM. We could always use more RAM, but the current design (Rev. 1.8) has about a quarter of the codespace free, and that's with debugging code left in and no real attempts at optimization. The project was developed entirely in assembler within AVRstudio available from Atmel for free. All the parts should be readily available from Digi-Key with the exception of the MX-614, which is available from TAPR.
Partial Feature list:
AUXLINK AXLF BAUD BEACON BOOTLOADER BTEXT CAL CONVERS DEBUG DUMP ECHO EE FIXTYPE GPSINIT GPSISTR GPSQ HEADER K1 K LF LPATH LTEXT LTIME MCOM MONITOR MYCALL PERSIST PWRUPCONV RESET RESTORE RMCEXPIRE SLOT SYMBOL TRACE TXDELAY UNPROTO VER ?
Things we don't do yet:
The firmware must be loaded into the AVR, and the fuses must be set properly at least once using a conventional programming arrangement. STK-500, AVR-ISP, or I've had great luck with the free PonyProg software available from the LancOS Home Page. Once loaded, you can use the free ATmel AVRPROG (rev. 1.37 or higher) available from Atmel to make updates via the serial port. At 115200 baud it's pretty zippy. The bootloader mode may be entered as a console command or by running the pc based software within 1.5 seconds after a reset of the TNC (you have to move quick).
And speaking of fuses: Click on image below for the fuse setting screen for PonyProg.
Checked = programmed = zero, odd but you get used to it.
This source code and hardware design is made available for educational and non-commercial use.
Commercial use is forbidden without license from author.
Code may be modified as long as it is released publicly and credit is given to the original author(s).
Copyright © 2003 Henry Carl Ott N2RVQ, all rights reserved.
Any questions, comments or offers of cash? mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org , H. Carl Ott's Home Page
This design is provided as is with no guaranties.
Do not use this design where human life is at risk or where property damage may result.
Source code for ATmega-TNC REV 1.9. Fixes bug in ctrl-c
Source code for ATmega-TNC REV 1.8. A zip archive of the source code for project.
Command descriptions. Descriptions of the configuration and operation commands.
.pdf of schematic. hardware version 1.2.
at-tnc.cmd A ui-view32 command file for the AT-TNC.
I designed a PCB for testing purposes. It's a mixed TH / SMD design. The artwork is provided in a pdf archive for those individuals capable of making their own PCBs. If there is sufficient interest I'll layout a PCB that will fit an "off the shelf" metal enclosure. I'd appreciate some feedback about connector use & placement.
at-tnc_1.2_pcb.zip 600dpi PCB artwork and parts placement.
I use a toner transfer system to prototype all my PCBs in-house. It's cheap, fast, and provides acceptable results. Here is a document that describes my experiences with the system. It may be of use to people who wish to "roll their own" PCBs.
And if you have any questions or comments please email
Henry Carl Ott N2RVQ
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Page last revised APRIL-2003