History of Pen and Gesture Computing:
Annotated Bibliography in On-line Character Recognition,
Pen Computing, Gesture User Interfaces and Tablet and Touch Computers

(DOI: 10.13140/2.1.3018.8322)
Copyright © 20180623 22:31:11 EDT

This posting of an annotated bibliography on gesture user interfaces, on-line character recognition (a.k.a. dynamic character recognition, a.k.a. pen and touch computing), both hardware and software, has been a continuing work-in-progress since the 1980s. It includes information on related application topics, such as digital rights management (DRM), portable computing, cryptographic communications, and biometric authentication. I am posting it as a service to those with interest in the field. It may also be of special interest to anyone investigating any of the areas of digitizer tablets, touchscreens, character recognition, touch/gesture user interfaces, multi-touch computing, passive and active tactile feedback, touch and proximity sensors, augmented reality, haptics, context-dependent intrepretation of user input, and applications including the same. It covers the time period from approximately 1891 (first electronic tablet) through 1914 (first gesture/handwriting-recognition input system) to the present day.

Jean Renard Ward For additional information on Rueters-Ward Services,
including my CV for consulting or as an expert witness:
URL:   http://www.ruetersward.com.)
e-mail: jrward@alum.mit.edu
Google Voice: 617-600-4095

References from the approximate years 1994 to 1995.

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  • [BuxtonWB94c] Buxton, Bill "Toolglass and Magic Lenses: The See-Through Interface", University of Toronto, 1993. Available at http://billbuxton.com
  • [CabralAW95a] Cabral, Authur W. et alet al "Object-Oriented Graphic System", US Patent 5,455,599, Oct. 3, 1995
  • [CaelliW94a] Caelli, William; Longley, Dennis; and Shain, Michael "Information Security Handbook", Macmillan Press Ltd., 1994 (hardcopy book)
  • [CappsSP94a] Capps, Stephen et al "Method and apparatus for correcting words", US Patent 5,367,453, November 22, 1994
  • [CappsSP94b] Capps, Stephen et al "Method for manipulating objects on a computer display", US Patent 5,345,543, September 6, 1994
  • [CappsSP94c] Capps, Stephen P.; Beernink, Ernest H.; Meier, John R.; and Temkin, David "Method and apparatus for correcting words", US Patent 5,367,452, November 22, 1994
  • [CappsSP95a] Tchao, Michael C. and Capps, Stephen P. "Pointing gesture based computer note pad paging and scrolling interface", US Patent 5,398,310
  • [CappsSP95b] Capps, Stephen, and Beernink, Ernest H. "Method and apparatus for formatting paragraphs", US Patent 5,479,596, December 26, 1995
  • [CappsSP95c] Capps, Stephen et al "Method and apparatus for the manipulation of text on a computer display screen", US Patent 5,442,742, August 15, 1995
  • [CappsSP95d] Capps, Stephen et al "Visible clipboard for graphical computer environments", US Patent 5,404,442, April 4, 1995
  • [CarrDA94a] Carr, David A. "Specification of Interface Interaction Objects", Proc. CHI '94, Boston Massachusetts
  • [CarrDA95a] Carr, David Andrew "A Compact Graphical Representation of User Interface Interaction Objects", PhD dissertation, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. Maryland, 1995
  • [CerdaM95a] Cerda, Michael "EO Interest Document", www.utexas.edu/ftp/microlib/eo/html
  • [ChangL94a] Chang, Larry and MacKenzie, I. Scott "A Comparison of Two Handwriting Recognizers for Pen-based Computers", Proc. CASCON '94, pp. 364-371, Toronto: IBM Canada
  • [ChattyS95a] Chatty, Stephane; Lecoanet, Patrick; and Mertz, Christophe "Toward pen-based interaction with ATC tools", Air Traffic Control Quarterly, Vol 3 No 4, 1995, pp 205-228
  • [CitrinW94a] Citrin, Wayne and Brodsky, Daniel "Style-Based Cut-and-Paste in Graphical Editors", Proc. AVI '94, June, 1994, Bari, Italy, pp. 105..112
  • [ClarkeTA94a] Clarke, T. A. "An analysis of the properties of targets used in digital close range photogrammetric measurement", Proc. Videometrics III. SPIE Vol. 2350. Boston. pp. 251- 262, 1994
  • [CloughWA95a] Clough, William A.; Ouelette, Daneil; De La Sablonniere, Serge "Portable Computer with Touch Screen and Computer System Employing Same", US Patent 5,379,057, January 3, 1995
  • [ComerfordLD95a] Comerford, Liam "Proof of Concept Models: IBM Simon Predictive Keypad", http://liamcomerford.com/alphamodels3.html, fetched 2016
  • [ComputerBusinessReview94a] Computer Business Review "Hand-helds on the Battlefield: Grunts are to get the Texas Micro Grunt", Computer Business Review, 10 August 1994
  • [ComputerWoche95a] Computerwoche "Mobile Computing Griffelcomputer haben sich in einigen Projekten bewährt -- CruisePAD, PoqetPad", Computerwoche1995 : available at www.computerwoche.de
  • [CoronaJ95a] Corona, James; Henderson, Randal L. and Laib, Gregory D. "Method and System for Independent Control of Multiple Windows in a Graphics Display System", US Patent 5,475,812, December 12, 1995
  • [CottrellSR95a] Cottrell, Stephen R. "Method to Provide Security for a Computer and a Device Therefor", US Patent 5,465,084, November 7, 1995
  • [Cripps95] Cripps, Marcus "Introduction to PenWindows", Available at http://tawny.cs.nott.ac.uk/AMI/apprentice/INTERNAL/tech08.htm
  • [CrowleyJL95a] Crowley, James L.; Berard, Francois; and Coutaz, Joelle "Finger Tracking as an Input Device for Augmented Reality", Proc. Intl. Workshop on Face and Gesture Recognition, Zurich, Switzerland, June 1995
  • [Cubictechcorp95a] cubictechcorp "LabView User Manuals", http://cubictechcorp.homestead.com/Manuals.html, fetched 2009
  • [DanischLA94a] Danisch, Lee A. "Fiber optic bending and positioning sensor including a light emission surface formed on a portion of a light guide", US Patent 5,321,257, June 14, 1994
  • [DardaillerD95a] Dardailler, Daniel "Mobile GUI on the Web", Presentation and paper, World Wide Web Conf. (WWW4), Boston USA, December 1995
  • [DarwinI95a] Darwin, Ian; Quercia, Valerie; and O'Reilly, Tim "X Window System User's Guide - OPEN LOOK Edition", Open-Source publication of manuscript originally for O'Reilly publishers, 1995
  • [DeTarJ94] DeTar, Jim "NCR, Scriptel push cordless digitizer - NCR Microelectronic Products and Scriptel Holding Inc. develop WriteTouch cordless electrostatic digitizer", Electronic News, November 14, 1994, Available on http://findarticles.com
  • [DixAJ94a] Dix, Alan J. and Brewster, Stephen A. "Causing Trouble with Buttons", Ancilliary Proc. HCI '94, Glasgow, Scotland. Ed. D. England, 1994
  • [DrummDE94a] Drumm, Donald E. "Computer Input Device using an Orientation Sensor", US Patent 5,297,119, February 15, 1994
  • [DuCharmeB94a] DuCharme, Bob "The Operating System Handbook: Fake Your Way Through Minis and Mainframes", McGraw-Hill, 1994, PDFs available from author 2017
  • [DufresneA95a] Dufresne, Aude; Martial, Odile; and Ramstein, Christopher "Multimodal User Interface System for Blind and "Visually Occupied" Users: Ergonomic Evaluation of the Haptic and Auditive Dimensions", Proc. INTERACT '95, Lillenamer Norway, 1995, pp. 163..168
  • [ECMA95a] ECMA/European Computer Manufacturers Association "Application Programming Interface for Windows", Standard ECMA-234, December 1995. www.ecma.ch
  • [EO95a] EO/ATT "EO 440 Communicator running PenPoint", EO 440 Communicator pen/tablet computer running Penpoint (physical device)
  • [EO95b] EO/ATT "EO 880 Communicator running PenPoint", EO 880 Communicator pen/tablet computer running Penpoint (physical device)
  • [EatonJK94a] Eaton, John K. and Eaton, Laura "LabTutor: A Friendly Guide to Computer interfacing and LabVIEW Programming", Oxford Univ. Press, 1994 (hardcopy book)
  • [EdwardsK95a] Edwards, Keith; Mynatt, Elizabeth; and Stockton, Kathryn "Access to graphical interfaces for blind users", Interactions, January 1995, pp. 56..67
  • [EdwardsWK94a] Edwards, W. Keith; Mynatt, Elizabeth D.; and Stockton, Kathryn "Providing Access to Graphical User Interfaces -- Not Graphical Screens", Proc. ASSETS '94, First Annual Intl. ACM/SIGCAPH Conf. on Assistive Technologies, November 1994
  • [EdwardsWK94b] Edwards, W. Keith and Mynatt, Elizabeth D. "An Architecture for Transforming Graphical Interfaces", Proc. UIST '94 7th Annual Symp. on User Interface Technology and Software, November 1994
  • [EggliL95a] Eggli, Lynn; Brüderlin, Beat D.; and Elber, Bershon "Sketching as a Solid Modeling Tool", Proc. Solid Modeling '95, Salt Lake City, Utah, pp. 313..321, 1995
  • [EliasJ95a] Elias, John "John Elias, Adjust Professor: research interests", University of Delaware, fetched 2015
  • [EliensA95a] Eliens, A. "Hush -- a C++ API for Tcl/Tk", The X Resource, Issue 14, April 1995, O'Reilly & Ass., pp 111-155
  • [EloTouch95] Elo TouchSystems, Inc. "DOS and Windows Driver Guide, version 2.0", Elo TouchSystems, Inc. 105 Randolph Road, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830. Copyright 1987..1995
  • [EssexD95a] Essex, David "Rewriting Handwriting Recognition", BYTE Magazine, June 1995
  • [FarkasDK95a] Farkas, David K. and Poltrock, Steven E. "Online Editing, Mark-Up Models, and the Workplace Lives of Editors and Writers", IEEE Trans. on Professional Communication, Vol 38 No 2, June 1995, pp. 110..117
  • [FaughnanJ95a] Faughnan, John "Bar coding journal articles - DataGlyphs", Posting to http://ftp.org/mailman discussion list, December 29, 1995
  • [Fenwick95] Fenwick, Daniel J. "Generation of Interdependent Font Characters Based on Ligature and Glyph Categorizations", US Patent 5,412,771, May 2, 1995
  • [FischerAM95a] Fischer, Addison M. "Method and apparatus for creating supporting and using travelling programs", US Patent 5,390,247, February 14, 1995
  • [FischerAM95b] Fischer, Addison M. "Computer system security method and apparatus having program authorization information data structures", US Patent 5,412,717, May 2, 1995
  • [FishkinK95a] Fishkin, Ken and Stone, Maureen C. "Enhanced Dynamic Queries via Movable Filters", Proc. CHI 1995, pp 415-420
  • [FitzmauriceG95a] Fitzmaurice, George W.; Ishii, Hiroshi; Buxton, William "Bricks: laying the Foundations for Graspable User Interfaces", Proc. CHI 1995
  • [FitzpatrickGP95a] Fitzpatrick, Greg P.; Haynes, Thomas R.; and Williams, Marvin L. "Method and Apparatus for Accessing Touch Screen Desktop Objects via Fingerprint Recognition", US Patent 5,420,936, May 30, 1995
  • [FormanGH94a] Forman, Goerge H. and Zahorjan, John "The Challenges of Mobile Computing", IEEE Computer, April 1994, pp. 38..47
  • [FrankEH94a] Frank, Edward H.; Naughton, Patrick J.; Gosling, James Arthur; and Liu, John C. "Method and apparatus for presenting information in a display system using transparent windows", European Patent Application EP 0605945 A1, July 13, 1994
  • [FrankishC95a] Frankish, Clive; Hull, Richard; Morgan, Pam "Recognition Accuracy and User Acceptance of Pen Interfaces", CHI '95 Proc., available at www.acm.org/sigchi/chi95/Electronic/documents/papers/crf_bdy.htm
  • [FrazerSO95a] Frazer, Stephen Oliver "An electronic device with a screen", UK Patent Application GB2299302A, March 31, 1995
  • [FreemanWT94a] Freeman, William T. and Weissman, Craig D. "Television Control by Hand Gestures", Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories Tech. Rpt. TR94-24, December 1994
  • [Fried-Nielson94a] Fried-Nielsen, Lars K. "Symbol Browsing in an Object-Oriented Development system", US Patent 5,339,433
  • [FriendJ95a] Friend, John; Freedman, Mike; Bricklin, Dan "Input Device with Deferred Translation", US Patent 5,455,901
  • [FrischA95a] Frisch, Aeleen "Unix: Essential System Administration", O'Reilly and Associates, 1991, 1995 (hardcopy book)
  • [FullerTH94a] Fuller, Thomas H. Jr. and Kimura, Takayuki D. "Supervised Competitive Learning", Jnl. Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, March 1994, pp. 232-246. Also publish as Report WUCS-93-45, Washington Univ. Dept. of Comp. Sci., October 1993
  • [GarfinkelS95a] Garfinkel, Simson "PGP Pretty Good Privacy: Encryption for Everyone", O'Reilly, 1995 (hardcopy book)
  • [GarnerHD94a] Garner, H. Douglas "Reconfigurable Full-Page Braille Displays", NASA Tecnical Report LAR-14860, Document ID 19940000359, July 1, 1994 (abstract only)
  • [Garnet94a] Brad A. Myers, Dario Giuse, Andrew Mickish, Brad Vander Zanden, David Kosbie, James A. Landay, Richard McDaniel, Rajan Parthasarathy, Matthew Goldberg, Roger B. Dannenberg, Philippe Marchal, Ed Pervin "The Garnet Reference Manuals: Revised for Version 3.0", CMU Computer Science report CMU-CS-90-117-R5, December 1994, and additional materials
  • [GeisslerJG95a] Geissler, Joerg "gedrics: The Next Generation of Icons", Proc. 5th Int'l Conf. on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT '95), Lillehammer, Norway, June 27-29 1995, pp. 73-78
  • [GeneralMagic94a] General Magic "General Magic Phone Predates Smartphones", General Magic Corp.. Video available at www.youtube.com/watch?v=wko0m6XA9yg, Fetched 2011
  • [GeneralMagic94b] General Magic "Video Telescript General Magic: A 1994 Vision of the Future", General Magic Corp.. Video available at www.youtube.com Fetched 2011
  • [GeneralMagic95a] General Magic "Telescript Language Reference, October 1995", General Magic Corp.
  • [GeoWorks94a] GeoWorks "GEOS Concepts Version 3.0", Geoworks, Inc. 1994
  • [GeoWorks94b] GeoWorks "GEOS Objects Version 3.0, Nokia 9000 Communicator SDK", Geoworks, Inc. 1994
  • [GerlachJD94a] Gerlach, John D. and Weiblen, Michael E. "System for Relocating a Multimedia Presentation on a Different Platform by Extracting a Resource Map in Order to Remap and Relocate Resources", US Patent 5,317,732, May 31, 1994
  • [GerpheideGE94a] Gerpheide, George E. "Methods and apparatus for data input", US Patent 5,305,017, April 19, 1994
  • [GesslerS95a] Gessler, Stefan and Kotulla, Andreas "PDAs as mobile WWW browsers", Proc. WWWF '94, Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, 1995. Available at www.teco.uni-karlsruhe.de/~stefan/papers/wwwf94/www_pda.html
  • [GillespieRB95a] Gillespie, Richard Brent and O'Modhrain, Sile "The Moose: A Haptic User Interface for Blind Persons with Application to the Digital Sound Studio", Stanford Univ. Dept. of Music Report STAN-M-95, October 16, 1995
  • [GlaeserG94a] Glaeser, Georg "Fast Algorithms for 3D-Graphics", Springer Verlag, 2004
  • [GobleJC95a] Goble, John C.; Hinckley, Ken; Pausch, Randy; Snell, John W.; and Kassell, Neal F. "Two-Handed Spatial Interface Tools for Neurosurgical Planning", IEEE Computer, July 1995, pp. 20..26
  • [GoebelM95a] Göbel, Matthias; Luczaka, Holger; Springera, Johannes; Hedickeb, Volkmar; and Rötting, Matthias "Tactile feedback applied to computer mice", Int'l Jnl. Human-computer Interaction, vol 7 no 1, 1995, pp. 1..24 (abstract only)
  • [GreaniasEC95a] Greanias, Evon C.; Verrier, Guy F.; Donaldson, Robert L. "Touch Overlay for Improved Touch Sensitivity", US Patent 5,386,219, January 31, 1995
  • [GreenbergS94] Greenberg, Saul "HCI Video Resources", Available at www.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/~saul/hci_topics/hci_resources/videos.html
  • [GreysonAM95a] Greyson, Ann M.; Hokit, Jeffrey D.; Kaptanoglu, Marjory; Wagner, Annete M.; and Capps, Stephen P. "Method and apparatus for the manipulation of text on a computer display screen", US Patent 5,442,742, August 15, 1995
  • [GrossMD94a] Gross, Mark D. "Stretch-A-Stketch: A Diynamic Diagrammer", Proc. IEEE Symp. on Visual Languages, 1994
  • [GrossRA94a] Gross, Roger A. and Constant, John P. "Idle Detection System", US Patent 5,355,501, October 11, 1994
  • [GruazD95a] Gruaz, Daniel and Marchal, Calude "Device for Locating and Object Stiuated Close to a Detection Area and a Transparent Keyboard Using Said Device", US Patent 5,459,463, October 17, 1993
  • [GurskiMA95a] Gurski, Michale A. "Privacy-Enhanced Email (PEM)", Internet posting, 1995
  • [HP95a] Hewlett-Packard "HP OmniGo 100 PDA product information", Hewlett-Packard
  • [HP95b] Hewlett-Packard "HP OmniGo 100 Organizer Plus pen-computer PDA", HP OmniGo 100, Hewlett-Packard Omnigo (physical device)
  • [HP95c] Hewlett-Packard "Geoworks Organized Extras for the HP OmniGo 100", Hewlett-Packard, included with OmniGo devices
  • [HP95d] Hewlett-Packard "HP OmniGo 100 Connectivity Pack File Management Tool", Hewlett-Packard, included with OmniGo devices
  • [HP95e] Hewlett-Packard "HP OmniGo 100 Quick Start and User's Reference Guide", Hewlett-Packard, included with OmniGo devices
  • [HarrisonBL94a] Harrison, Beverly L.; Zhai, Shumin; Vicente, Kim J.; and Buxton, Bill "Semi-Transparent "Silk" User Interface Objects: Supporting Focused and Divided Attention", Cognitive Engineering Laboratory, Report CEL 94-08, Univ. Toronto, 1994
  • [HarrisonBL94b] Harrison, Beverly L.; Ishii, Hiroshi; Vicente, Kim J.; and Buxton, Bill "Evaluation of a Display Design space: Transparent Layered User Interfaces", Report CEL 94-07, Cognitive Engineering Laboratory, Univ. Toronto, Canada, 1994
  • [HarrisonBL95a] Harrison, Beverly L.; Kurtenbach, Gordon; and Vincente, Kim J. "An Experimental Evaluation of Transparent User Interface Tools and Information Content", Proc. UIST 95, Pittsburgh, USA, November 1995
  • [HarrisonBL95b] Harrison, Beverly L.; Ishii, Hiroshi; Vicente, Kim J. and Buxton, William A. S. "Transparent Layered User Interfaces: An Evaluation of a Display Design to Enhance Focused and Divided Attention", Proc. CHI 95, May 7-11, November 1995, pp. 317..324
  • [HayesP94a] Hayes, P. "NameFinder: software that finds names in text", Proc. RIAO '94, pp 762-774 (abstract only)
  • [HechtDL94a] Hecht, David L. "Embedded Data Glyph Technology for Hardcopy Digital Documents", Proc. SPIE Conf. Intl. Society for Optical Engineering, vol 2171 pp. 341-ff, February 6, 1994
  • [HechtDL95a] Hecht, David L.; Flores, L. Noah; Petrie, Glen W.; and Webster, Thomas M. "Random access techniques for use with self-clocking glyph code", US Patent 5,449,896, September 12, 1995
  • [HenckelJDD95] Henckel, Jonathan D. and Hospers, Paul A. "Data Processing System Graphical User Interface which Emulates Printed Material", US Patent 5,463,725, October 31, 1995
  • [HenshawSF94a] Henckel, Jonathan D. and Hospers, Paul A. "Translucent Windows: Dragging an Image without Obscuring the Desktop", IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, Vol 37 No 10, October 1994
  • [HinckleyK94a] Hinckley, Ken; Pausch, Randy; Goble, John C.; and Kassell, Neal F. "A Survey of Design Issues in Spatial Input", Proc. UIST '94, November 1994, Marian del Rey, California, pp. 213-222
  • [HinckleyKP95a] Hinckley, Kenneth P.; Bathiche, Steven N.; Cauthorn, James H.; and Sinclar, Michael J. "Automatic Scrolling", US Patent 6,975,306, December 13, 2005
  • [HoYL95] Ho, Yung-Lung, and Li, Hwok-Leung "Track Pad Cursor Positioning Device and Method", US Patent 5,424,756, June 13, 1995
  • [HopkinsT95a] Hopkins, Trevor and Horan, Bernard "Smalltalk: An Introduction to Application Development using VisualWorks", VisualWorks Object-Oriented Programming Series, 1995
  • [HuJ95a] Hu, Jianying, Brown, Michael K., and Turin, William "Invariant Features for HMM Based On-Line Handwriting Recognition", in "Image Analysis and Processing", Braccini, C., DeFloriani, L. and Vernazza, G. (Ed.), Springer Verlag, 1995, pp. 588-593, Lecture Notes in Computer Science #974
  • [HuJ95b] Hu, Jianying, Brown, Michael K., and Turin, William "Use of Segmental Features in HMM Based Handwriting Recognition", Proc. IEEE Intl. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, October 22..25, 1995. Vol 3, pp. 2778..2782
  • [HuangHC95a] Huang, Hung-Chih and Stein, Robert A. "Frontally Shielded Capacitive Touch Sensor System", US Patent 5,457,289, October 10, 1995
  • [HuangJ95a] Huang, Jianming and Knowles, Terence J. "Acoustic Wave Touch Panel for use with a non-active stylus", US Patent 5,451,723, September 19, 1995
  • [HullR94a] Hull, Richard; Reynolds, Dave; and Gupta, Dipankar "Scribble Matching", HP Laboratories Bristol Tech. Rpt. HPL-94-61, July 1994
  • [IBM94a] IBM ""Redbook" IBM Pen for OS/2 and PenDOS", IBM Form Number GG24-4217-00
  • [IBM94b] IBM "Simon Says "Here's How!", Simon Mobile Communications Made Simple, Users Manual", IBM Corp., 1994
  • [IBM94c] IBM "AIX Version 4 Desktop Handbook", IBM Corp. Document Number GG24-4451-00, December 1994
  • [IBM94d] IBM "IBM Simon (First review) Video", Fetched from http://youtube.com 2014
  • [IBM94e] IBM "IBM Simon Phone -CHI 2011 Video", Fetched from http://youtube.com 2014
  • [IBM94f] IBM "IBM Simon Phone/PDA: product and marketing files", (various)
  • [IBM95a] IBM "Data Interpretation Techniques for a Pen-Based Computer", IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, Vol 35 No 9, September 1995 (partial copy)
  • [IBM95b] IBM "Pen for OS-2 Version 1.03 readme and file listing", IBM, 1995
  • [IEEE94a] IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers "IEEE Standard Glossary of Computer Hardware Terminology", IEEE, 1994
  • [ImpedovoS94a] Impedovo, Sebastiano, editor "Fundamentals in handwriting recognition", Proc. NATO Advanced Study Institute on Fundamentals in Handwriting Recognition, Chateau de Bonas, France, June 21-July 3, 1993
  • [InfoWorld94a] InfoWorld "More tools available for Power Mac programmers", InfoWorld, April 4, 1994, page 23
  • [InfoWorld94b] Barney, Doung "WinPad OS for hand-helds held up", InfoWorld, September 5, 1994, page 6
  • [InfoWorld94c] InfoWorld "NoteTaker shows what pen computing should be", InfoWorld, February 14, 1994
  • [Inforite94] Inforite "MP100 Writing Pad, Rite-Expressions annotation software for handwriting", BYTE Magazine product announcement, May 1994
  • [Intel95a] Intel "Intel386 EX Embedded Microprocessor MHT9000 Handheld Terminal", Intel Application Note AP-719, August 1, 1995
  • [InterLink94a] InterLink Electronics "InterLink Electronics FSR Force Sensing Resistors -- VersaPad USB Integration Guide", InterLink Electronics Sensor Technologies, 1994
  • [IsaacsonP94a] Isaacson, Portia "The Power of 'E-INK'", OEM Magazine, February 1994, Page 93
  • [IsenseeSH95a] Isensee, Scott Harlan and Poston, Ricky Lee "Graphical User Interface Using Transparent Windows", European Patent Application 95303142.4, Pub No 0684542A1, November 29, 1995
  • [Ishigaki94] Ishigaki, Kawasaki Kazushi "Handwriting Entry Processing System Using Keyboard and Mouse Interfaces Requiring No Modification of an Application Program", US Patent 5,361,310, November 1, 1994
  • [IshiiH94a] Ishii, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Minoru; and Arita, Kazuho "Iterative Design of Seamless Collaboration Media", CACM, Vol 37 No 8, August 1994, pp. 83-97
  • [JacobRJK94a] Jacob, Robert J. K.; Sibert, Linda E.; McFarlane, Daniel C.; and Mullen, M. Presont Jr. "Integrality and Separability of Input Devices", ACM Trans. Computer-Human Interaction, Vol 1 No 1, March 1994, pp. 3-26
  • [JanikCM94a] Janik, Craig M. "Flexible Wearable Computer", US Patent 5,285,398, February 8, 1994
  • [JohnsonGW94a] Johnson, Gary W. "LabVIEW Graphical Programming: Practical Applications in Instrumentation and Control", McGraw-Hill, Inc. 1994 (hardcopy book)
  • [KabbashP94a] Kabbash, Paul; Buxton, William; and Sellen, Abigail "Two-Handed Input in a Compound Task", Proc. CHI '94, Boston, Massachusetts, April 1994. pp. 417-423
  • [KabbashP95a] Kabbash, Paul and Buxton, William "The "Prince" Technique: Fitts' Law and Selection Using Area Cursors", Proc. CHI '95, Denver, Colorado, May 7..11, 1995, pp. 273..279
  • [KaczmarekKA95a] Kaczmarek, Kurt A. and Bach-y-Rita, Paul "Tactile Displays", in "Virtual Environments and Advanced Interface Design, Barfield and Fuerness, Oxford, New Yokr, 1995, pp 349..414
  • [KajlerN95a] Kahler, Norbert and Soiffer, Neil "A Survey of User Interfaces for Computer Algebra Systems", J. symbolic Computation, Vol 11 no 1, 1995
  • [KanoS94a] Kano, Shigeru; Nakada, Yasuhiro; and Usuda, Yutaka "System for editing characters and graphics by pen point entry", UK Patent Application GB 2274186 A, July 13, 1994
  • [KaplanJ94a] Kaplan, Jerry "Notes file: Startup: A Silicon Valley Adventure", various: Wired magazine, http://Slate.com, etc.
  • [KaplanJ95a] Kaplan, Jerry "Startup: A Silicon Valley Adventure", Penguin Books, ISBN 0-395-71133-9, ISBN 0 14 02.5731.4, 1995 (hardcopy book)
  • [KasselRH95a] Kassel, Robert Howard "A Comparison of Approaches to On-Line Handwritten Character Recognition", PhD Thesis, Dept. of EECS, MIT, May 12, 1995
  • [KelleyAJ94a] Kelley, A. J. and Salcudean, S. E. "MagicMouse: Tactile and Kinesthetic Feedback in the Human-Computer Interface using an Electromagnetically Actuated Input/Output Device", Technical Report, Dept. of E. E., Univ. British Columbia, October 19, 1993
  • [Kempf94a] Kempf, James "HRE API: A Portable Handwriting Recognition Engine Interface", Available at http://playground.sun.com/pub/multimedia/handwriting/hre.html
  • [Kempf94b] Kempf, James "Preliminary Handwriting Recognition Engine Application Program Interface for Solaris 2", Sun Microsystems 1993, 1994. Available at http://playground.sun.com/pub/multimedia/handwriting/hre.html
  • [KerstnerW94a] Kerstner, W.; Pigel, G.; and Tscheligi, M. "The FeelMouse: Making Computer Screens Feelable", Proc. ICCHP '94, 4th Intl. Conf. on Computer for Handicapped Persons, Viena, Austria, pp. 106..113, 1994
  • [KeysonDV94a] Keyson, D.V. "Dynamic control gain and tactile feedback in the capture of cursor movements", T.U. Eindhoven, Netherlands, IPO Annual Progress Report 29, January 1, 1994, pp. 101..108
  • [Kim94] Kim, Joonki; Teibman, George J.; and Tappert, Charles C. "Method and Apparatus for Improving Prototypes of Similar Characters in On-line Handwriting Recognition", US Patent 5,285,505, February 8, 1994
  • [KingmanJA95a] Kingman, John A.; Larky, Steven P.; and Vanover, Michael T. "Window specific control of overlay planes in a graphics display system", US Patent 5,469,541, November 21, 1995
  • [KirkD95a] Kirk, David ed. "Graphics Gems III", CalTech AP Professional Press, 1995
  • [KnabeK95a] Knabe, Kevin "Apple Guide: A Case Study in User-Aided Design of Online Help", Proc. CHI '95, Short Papers
  • [KnappAG94a] Knapp, Alan G. "Fingerprint sensing device and recognition system having predetermined electrode activation", US Patent 5,325,442, June 28, 1994
  • [KnasterB94a] Knaster, Barbara "Presenting Magic Cap: A Guide to General Magic's Revolutionary Communicator Software", Addison-Wesley, 1994 (hardcopy book)
  • [KnowltonKC94a] Knowlton, Kenneth C. "Computer Apparatus and Method for Graphical Flip Book", US Patent 5,283,864, February 1, 1994
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