History of Pen and Gesture Computing:
Annotated Bibliography in On-line Character Recognition,
Pen Computing, Gesture User Interfaces and Tablet and Touch Computers

(DOI: 10.13140/2.1.3018.8322)
Copyright © 20181207 15:43:50 EST

This posting of an annotated bibliography on gesture user interfaces, on-line character recognition (a.k.a. dynamic character recognition, a.k.a. pen and touch computing), both hardware and software, has been a continuing work-in-progress since the 1980s. It includes information on related application topics, such as digital rights management (DRM), portable computing, cryptographic communications, and biometric authentication. I am posting it as a service to those with interest in the field. It may also be of special interest to anyone investigating any of the areas of digitizer tablets, touchscreens, character recognition, touch/gesture user interfaces, multi-touch computing, passive and active tactile feedback, touch and proximity sensors, augmented reality, haptics, context-dependent intrepretation of user input, and applications including the same. It covers the time period from approximately 1891 (first electronic tablet) through 1914 (first gesture/handwriting-recognition input system) to the present day.

Jean Renard Ward For additional information on Rueters-Ward Services,
including my CV for consulting or as an expert witness:
URL:   http://www.ruetersward.com.)
e-mail: jrward@alum.mit.edu
Google Voice: 617-600-4095

For convenience, this bibliography is in sections by date of reference:

                  1891 to 1970          1971 to 1975          1976 to 1980          1981 to 1983
                  1984 to 1985          1985 to 1986          1987 to 1988          1989 to 1990
                  1991 to 1993          1994 to 1995          1996 to 1998          1999 to 2000
                  2001 to 2003          2004 to 2005          2006 to 2007          2008 to 2010
                  2011 to 2013                   2014 to 2015          2016 to 2018          2018 to present
         Pictures and Videos                                                                                 

When was Pen/Tablet Computing invented?

I find the very early references to technology interesting.
For example:

Thank you,

    Jean Renard Ward
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