History of Pen and Gesture Computing:
Copyright © 20210722 17:31:01 EDT
Annotated Bibliography in On-line Character Recognition,
Pen Computing, Gesture User Interfaces and Tablet and Touch Computers
This posting is an annotated bibliography focused broadly on touchscreen and gesture user interfaces,
on-line character recognition (a.k.a. dynamic character recognition, a.k.a. pen and touch computing),
both hardware and software. It has been a continuing work-in-progress since the 1980s.
It includes references on related technical topics I have encountered in my career: for example PDAs/highly-portable computing,
cryptographic communications, signature verification, biometric authentication, and digital rights management (DRM).
I am posting it as a service to those with interest in the field.
It may also be of special interest to anyone investigating any of the areas of
digitizer tablets, touchscreens, character recognition, touch/gesture user interfaces,
multi-touch computing, passive and active tactile feedback, touch and proximity sensors,
augmented reality, haptics, context-dependent intrepretation of user input, and applications including the same.
It covers the time period from approximately 1887 / 1891 (first electronic tablets with "touch" input and a display),
through 1914 (first electronic gesture/handwriting-recognition input and user-interface system),
to the first handwriting-recognition tablet device connected to a modern electronic computer in 1957 (the "Stylator")
and the more famous Rand Tablet (1961),
to the present day.
As with any subject, the focus has modulated over the decades, and this bibliography follows these topics both forward in time, and historically back in time.
Tablets and touchscreens have evolved into a variety of pointing devices, into PDAs and smart-phones, locating and gesturing sensors with three-dimensional input with six degrees of freedom, and more.
For example, there are no real lines between touch sensing for robotics, touch and contact sensing for user human input, fingerprint sensors, and touch and proximity sensing in general.
Likewise, there are no real lines between haptics for touchscreens, haptics for instrumentation, and biometric feedback.
Earlier work on handwriting recognition, with handwritten symbols sometimes used for command input as "gestures",
has evolved to be part of a much broader range of gestures, including in-air and 3D gestures.
Command user interfaces have merged with direct manipulation, and then with graphical user interfaces and virtual reality.
Authenticating handwritten signatures has evolved to additional forms of dynamic biometrics.
Haptic feedback has evolved from "simple" force-feedback to encompass audio, tactile, and visual signaling.
Virtual reality systems seem to have waxed and waned, and waxed again.
It is, indeed, a rich and complicated field, in all its aspects.
- This compilation and all annotations are copyright © Jean Renard Ward, 1992, 1996, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, 2019, 2020, 2021.
- Permission is hereby given to link to these pages, or to cite or use this information in publication,
including confidential reports, provided notice of the source is given as stated below along with the full URL of this page.
|Source:||Annotated Bibliography in On-line Character Recognition, Pen Computing,|
| ||Gesture User Interfaces and Tablet and Touch Computers, and related topics|
| ||Copyright ©Jean Renard Ward|
References from the approximate years 2020 to (present).
"Elektronischer Trigger für Simulation von Eingaben auf kapazitiven Touchscreens",
German Patent Application DE202021000747U1, April 22, 2021
"Electronic trigger for simulating inputs on capacitive touchscreens". Permanent test electrode on capacitive touch screen, use to simulate finger input for testing touch screen operation, connected by electro-mechanical switch to ground or "electric mass".
"Sensors and Measurement Systems, 2nd ed.",
Rivers Publishers Series in Electronic Materials and Devices, 2021
Textbook and reference on design and construction of small sensors. Force/Pressure sensors: piezoresistive effect, strain gauges, membrane sensors, capacitive force/pressure (touch) sensors. Inertial sensors: accelerometers, angular rage, inertial measurement units (IMU).
Syed, Taif A.; Yang, Bingrui; Mullens, Christopher Tenzin; and Ranganathan, Sumant
"Low power touch sensing during a sleep state of an electronic device",
US Patent 10,928,881, February 23, 2021
Capacitive matrix touch pad: operate in a low-power mode when device is in power-management sleep state, wake up on proximity detection / touch at different threshold level.
Later in life, |
he was much more successful than his former rivals
with regard to romantic relationships,
because he had never been particularly handsome,
and thus had learned to be charming instead.
Albert Einstein hat gefragt: |
"Wenn ein unordentlicher Schreibtisch einen unordentlichen
Geist repräsentiert, was sagt dann ein leerer Schreibtisch
über den Menschen, der ihn benutzt aus?"
a) Er ist in Urlaub.
b) Heute hat er eine neue Putzfrau angestellt.
c) Der Schreibtisch ist gerade geliefert worden.
d) Du hast den falschen Schreibtisch.
e) Der Chef will es so.
Advanced Touchscreen and Gesture Technologies,
Android user interfaces,
Jean Renard Ward curriculum vitae,
Jean Renard Ward cv,
Jean Renard Ward,
Windows for Pen Computing,
asymmetric key cryptography,
computer input device,
computer pointing device,
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digital rights management,
electronic display instrument,
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graphical user interfaces,
handheld mobile device,
indium tin oxide,
international patent litigation experience,
mobile computing mobile device input,
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phone user interfaces,
position-sensing interactive display terminal,
post-WIMP user interfaces,
public key encryption,
screen door transparency,
smartphone user interface,
smartphone user interfaces,
source code analysis,
touch input device,
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